Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products

Published by: Kowsar

Determination of Pb and Cd in Garlic Herb (Allium sativum) Planted in Gilan and Khuzestan Provinces Using Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Zahra Ramezani 1 , 3 , * , Nasrin Aghel 2 , 3 and Negar Amirabedin 3
Authors Information
1 Toxicology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
2 Plant Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
3 Faculty of Pharmacy, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products: May 28, 2012, 7 (2); 41-44
  • Published Online: May 28, 2012
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 29, 2011
  • Revised: February 12, 2012
  • Accepted: March 12, 2012
  • DOI: 10.17795/jjnpp-3350

To Cite: Ramezani Z, Aghel N, Amirabedin N. Determination of Pb and Cd in Garlic Herb (Allium sativum) Planted in Gilan and Khuzestan Provinces Using Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, Jundishapur J Nat Pharm Prod. 2012 ; 7(2):41-44. doi: 10.17795/jjnpp-3350.

Abstract
Copyright © 2012, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Mottram RF. Human Nutrition. 1979;
  • 2. D'Mello JPF. Food safety: contaminants and toxins. 2003; [DOI]
  • 3. Gupta UC, Gupta SC. Trace Element Toxicity Relationship to Crop Production and Livestock and Human Health:Implications for Management. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 1998; 29: 1491-522[DOI]
  • 4. Sharma RK, Agrawal M, Marshall FM. Heavy metals in vegetables collected from production and market sites of a tropical urban area of India. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009; 47(3): 583-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Järup L. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Med Bull. 2003; 68(1): 167[DOI]
  • 6. Sathawara NG, Parikh DJ, Agarwal YK. Essential Heavy Metals in Environmental Samples from Western India. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2004; 73(4): 756-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Kachenko AG, Singh B. Heavy metals contamination in vegetables grown in urban and metal smelter contaminated sites in Australia. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 2006; 169(1): 101-23[DOI]
  • 8. Al Jassir MS, Shaker A, Khaliq MA. Deposition of heavy metals on green leafy vegetables sold on roadsides of Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2005; 75(5): 1020-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Khairiah T, Zalifae MK, Yin YH, Aminath A. The uptake of heavy metals by fruit typevegetables grown in selected agricultural areas. Pak G Biol Sci. 2004; 7(8): 1438-42[DOI]
  • 10. Sharma RK, Agrawal M, Marshall FM. Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb) in Varanasi City, India. Environ Monit Assess. 2008; 142(1-3): 269-78[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Temmerman LD, Ruttens A, Waegeneers N. transfer of atmospheric arsenic, cadmium, and lead to various vegatables, veterinary and agrochemical research center-Leuvensesteeweg.17.
  • 12. Banerjee D, Kuila P, Ganguly A, Ray L. Market basket survey for chromium, copper, lead and cadmium in some vegetables from different shopping malls in Kolkata, India Elect. J Environ Agri and Food Chem. 2010; 9(7): 1190-5
  • 13. Lisiewska Z, Gebczynski P, Kmiecik W, Skoczen-Slupska R. Effect of vegetable freezing and preparation of frozen products for consumption on the content of lead and cadmium. Polish J Environ. 2007; 16(4): 579-85
  • 14. Radwan MA, Salama AK. Market basket survey for some heavy metals in Egyptian fruits and vegetables. Food Chem Toxicol. 2006; 44(8): 1273-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Kumar Sharma R, Agrawal M, Marshall F. Heavy metal contamination of soil and vegetables in suburban areas of Varanasi, India. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2007; 66(2): 258-66[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Maleki A, Zarasvand MA. Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2008; 39(2): 335-40[PubMed]
  • 17. Crosby NT. Determination of metals in foods. Analyst. 1977; 102(1213): 225-68[PubMed]
  • 18. Aleixo PC, Junior DS, Tomazelli AC, Rufini IA, Berndt H, Krug FJ. Cadmium and lead determination in foods by beam injection flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after ultrasound-assisted sample preparation. Analytica chimica acta. 2004; 512(2): 329-37[DOI]
  • 19. Li YC, Jiang SJ, Chen SF. Determination of Ge, As, Se, Cd and Pb in plant materials by slurry sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Analytica chimica acta. 1998; 372(3): 365-72[DOI]
  • 20. Chemists AoOA, Horwitz W. Official methods of analysis. 2000;
  • 21. Temminghoff EJM, Houba VJG. Plant Analysis Procedures. 2004;
  • 22. Ramezani Z, Aghel N, Shiralipoor R, Zadeh Dabbagh R. Determination of Lead and Cadmium Content of Dill (Anethum graveolens) and Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Cultivated in Khozestan/Iran. Iran J Pharm Sci. 2011; 7(3): 197-203
  • 23. Cao X, Ma LQ, Singh SP, Zhou Q. Phosphate-induced lead immobilization from different lead minerals in soils under varying pH conditions. Environ Pollut. 2008; 152(1): 184-92[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Cao X, Wahbi A, Ma L, Li B, Yang Y. Immobilization of Zn, Cu, and Pb in contaminated soils using phosphate rock and phosphoric acid. J Hazard Mater. 2009; 164(2-3): 555-64[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. FAO/WHO Food Standars. CODEX alimentarius. 2011;
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments