STUDIES ON BIOSURFACTANT PRODUCTION BY ACINETOBACTER CALCOACETICUS (PTCC 1318)

AUTHORS

G DehghanNoudeh 1 , * , MH Moshafi 2 , F Sharififar 2 , MA Masoumi 2 , 3

1 Department of Pharmaceutics, School of pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences-Pharmaceutics Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, grdehghan@yahoo.com, Iran

2 Department of Pharmaceutics, School of pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3

How to Cite: DehghanNoudeh G, Moshafi M, Sharififar F, Masoumi M, . STUDIES ON BIOSURFACTANT PRODUCTION BY ACINETOBACTER CALCOACETICUS (PTCC 1318), Jundishapur J Nat Pharm Prod. Online ahead of Print ; 2(2):116-123.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products: 2 (2); 116-123
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 2, 2007
Accepted: December 9, 2007

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Abstract

Surfactants are amphipathic molecules which reduce surface and interfacial tensions and widely used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food and petroleum industries. Biosurfactants are the structurally diverse group of surface-active molecules synthesized by microorganisms. There are several advantages for biosurfactants in contrast with chemical surfactants, such as lower toxicity; higher biodegradability; better environmental compatibility; higher foaming; high selectivity and specific activity at extreme temperatures, pH, and the ability to be synthesized from renewable feed-stock.

In the present study, the production of biosurfactant by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus has been studied. A. calcoaceticus PTCC 1318 was grown in the nutrient broth medium and biosurfactant production was evaluated every 24 h by surface tension and emulsification index. Then A. calcoaceticus PTCC 1318 was grown in nutrient broth with different conditions in order to get maximum production of biosurfactant. The best culture medium was found to be nutrient broth medium supplemented with NaCl and almond oil.

After growing the bacteria, the microbial biomass was removed from the supernatant by acidic precipitation method. Its amphipathic structure was established by some biochemical methods and it was confirmed as lipopolysaccharide-protein structure.

 

Keywords

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Biosurfactant, Surface tension, Emulsification index.

© 0, Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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