Carbon Paste Electrode Modified With Cuo–Nanoparticles as a Probe for Square Wave Voltammetric Determination of Atrazine

AUTHORS

Nadereh Rahbar 1 , 2 , * , Hooshang Parham 3

1 Nanotechnology Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

3 Department of Chemistry, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Rahbar N, Parham H. Carbon Paste Electrode Modified With Cuo–Nanoparticles as a Probe for Square Wave Voltammetric Determination of Atrazine, Jundishapur J Nat Pharm Prod. 2013 ; 8(3):e94154. doi: 10.17795/jjnpp-9985.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products: 8 (3); e94154
Published Online: July 27, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 20, 2019
Accepted: May 05, 2013
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Abstract

Background: Atrazine (ATZ) is a widely used herbicide in most countries because of its low cost and good selectivity. The concentration of ATZ that the EPA considers safe to consume in drinking water is 3 ppb. Therefore, recently, there have been concerns about its determination in trace levels. This compound is not electro-active, so in this research indirect electrochemical method for its detection in low levels was proposed.

Objectives: The main aim of this study is the indirect determination of ATZ in water samples by voltammetry using nano-particle modified electrode.

Materials and Methods: A nano-CuO modified carbon paste electrode (NMCPE) is constructed and its application for indirect square wave voltammetric (SWV) detection of ATZ is reported. The sensing performance mechanism of the nano-CuO modified carbon paste electrode toward atrazine is due to complexation of the analyte with Cu (II) ion. The peak current for copper (II) reduction decreases with increase in the ATZ concentration and is monitored for its determination. Instrumental and chemical parameters influencing the detection of ATZ were optimized.

Results: The results revealed that decrease in peak current was proportional to ATZ concentration over the range of 5-75 ng/mL. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 2 ng/mL and 5.6 ng/mL (n = 20), respectively. The relative standard deviation (n = 10) for the determination of 10 and 50 ng/mL of ATZ solution was estimated as 4.9% and 4.2 %, respectively.

Conclusions: This easily fabricated electrode together with the fast and sensitive SW voltammetry was successfully applied for the determination of concentration of ATZ at trace levels, in different water samples.

Keywords

Atrazine Nanoparticles Cupric Oxide

© 2013, Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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